Dogs

How to Make a Pet First Aid Kit

A pet first aid kit is not only important in the event of a natural disaster, but also important when you are away from the comfort of your home. Just like you have your first aid kit at home; it is equally important to have a pet first aid kit. Don’t be caught off guard when an accident happens when it is least expected.

Sometimes, an accident may happen when camping, having your road trip across the country, or when a natural disaster strikes. A pet first aid kit is the first step of being ready in the occurrence of an accident. With a little education, pet parents can perform on the spot first aid before getting help from a vet.

What should be included in a pet first aid kit?

If you care about your pet’s health, a pet first aid kit is a must.  The kit should be in a durable and waterproof container that is easy to grab in case of an emergency. Fit everything in one container to help you carry everything you need without forgetting anything.

We have many pre-made tools, but building your own is the better option since you will not forget anything important. If you do not have the time to build one, you can buy a pre-made one and add whatever is missing.

Your pet aid kit should have information, equipment, medication, and nutrition. Keep in mind that anything that works for humans will not work on your pet. NEVER give your pet human drugs or prescriptions without checking with your vet.

What’s in a pet first aid kit?

It is essential to know what should be in your pet’s first aid kit and what exactly it does. Here are things that should always be included in your first aid kit.

    1.Information

A pet’s first aid manual– In an occurrence of an accident, it is easy to panic and get a little confused. Having a detailed manual to a familiar or unfamiliar ailment in your hand will help you face the situation boldly and confidently. Most guides have step by step instructions on how to use most items in the kit.

Emergency Contact Information-Your first aid kit should always have your vet’s contact information as well as directions to the clinic.

   2.Equipment

Tick remover tool – You should remove the tick on your animal as soon as you see it. Dogs too get Lyme disease. With specialized tweezers, you can remove the whole tick, including the head that breaks and stays in if not removed properly.

Guaze (Pad and Rolls) –   Guaze in a pet first aid kit is used to cover cuts to stop bleeding.
Muzzle
– When a dog is hurt or injured; they can show their real animal instincts. A muzzle is worn on the hands to prevent the dog from biting you when you are dressing their injury.

Non-stick Bandages – When covering wounds or wrapping sprained limbs, it is advisable to use non-stick bandages that will not stick on their fur.

Disinfectant – It is advisable to have non-sting disinfectant like betadine. However, you are not recommended to rub alcohol on open wounds.

Digital Thermometer – A digital thermometer will help to take the dog’s temperature. Human thermometers cannot be used since they don’t have a temperature scale.

Dog Boots – They are used to protect your dog’s foot in case of an injury

Medical Stapler– It is used to close large open wounds quickly and cleanly.

   3.Medication

Wound Spray –Wound spray is perfect for treating burns, wounds, and other irritations.

Antihistamine – Dogs too have allergies that come from bug bites, stings, foods, or even certain plants. Just like humans, they can take an antihistamine to reduce itching and swelling. The dosage depends on the dog’s size and usually makes them drowsy.

Hydrogen Peroxide – It can be used to induce vomiting in case of accidental poisoning. Always talk to your vet before inducing vomiting because not all circumstances are safe for your pet.

Skin and Paw Balm – This should be applied on cracked paws which are quite painful. It helps to heal minor rashes scrapes cuts and scrapes.

Activated Charcoal – It is used to absorb the ingested poison.

Pain Killers – They are essential in reducing the levels of pain. Most importantly, do not use over the counter medicine for your pet. Always consult your vet to prescribe the best for your dog to reduce chances of bleeding ulcers, kidney damage, or even death.

Eyewash – This will help to flash out any dirt, insects, or foreign objects in your pet’s eyes. It offers relief from the burning and stinging sensation caused by the foreign object.

   4.Nutrition

Electrolyte Replacement – Offering water to your pet is not the fastest way to help your pet recover from dehydration and exhaustion. It is not advisable to give human electrolyte since they have too much sugar.

Collapsible Bowl – This will help you serve food and water.

Dogs and Emergency Situations

Dogs do not speak and therefore, takes longer to diagnose a health issue. It advised to immediately receive your dog to the vet when you notice anything out of the normal.

To provide your vet with accurate information, here are some of the three pet emergencies.

 1.Ingestion Issues

I know you probably know that not all foods fit for human consumption are safe for your fur friend. Have you heard about how chocolate is bad for your dog and can kill your cat too? The theobromine in it makes the chocolate dangerous.

You should not also give your dog food that has artificial sweeteners, raisins, grapes, and nuts. You should never give your cat raw potatoes, raw tomatoes, or vegetables like onions since they are deadly to felines.

Also, your pet can accidentally ingest toxins like insecticides, rat poison, or even household cleaners. This is why you need always to have your pet first aid kit if you care about your pet’s health.

   2.Trauma

Your dog might get hit by a car or attacked by other dogs, and this is one of the reasons to make it into a pet’s emergency room. A blunt force trauma may not seem severe because of lack of bleeding, but you need to take your dog for a check-up for any internal injuries and bleeding.

Cuts, bites, or scrapes may cause tissue damage that makes your pet susceptible to infections.

   3.Respiratory Distress

Respiratory distress may be brought by viral or bacterial infections, allergic reactions to insect bites, reaction to the medicine, heart failure, or even chocking from food substances. Take your pet immediately to a vet when you notice heavy breathing to evaluate immediately.

Is your dog in need of emergency care?

Your dog may need immediate medical attention after severe trauma caused by an accident or a fall. You should not take any moment for granted, especially after choking, heatstroke, insect bite or sting, poisoning or any other life-threatening situation. Here are some emergency signs you should look for.

  • Pale gums
  • Raid and heavy breathing
  • Weak or a fast pulse
  • Change in body temperature –High or to low
  • Difficulty in standing
  • Paralysis
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Heavy bleeding

Injured pets are severely aggressive, and you should first protect yourself from injury. Approach your dog calmly and address them by their name. If they are aggressive, call for help. If they are passive, gently place them on a stretcher.

When you are comfortable and safe transporting your pet, take them to an emergency pet care facility. You can call the facility so that they can expect you before your arrival.

Your pet’s health is important, and you should be able to attend to emergencies right after they occur. This is why having a pet first aid kit is essential to offer first aid before consulting your vet. Always make sure to check expiry dates of any medicine in your kit before giving them. Replace medicine that expires in three month. And, always keep your pet first aid kit out of reach of children.

 

 

 

Dog Anxiety: What dog Owners Need to Know about an anxious dog

In the real sense, a dog should never have anything to worry about.  With humans who are dedicated to feed and take care of them, anxiety should be the last thing they should experience. We always believe anxiety is only experienced by humans where they have to worry about relationships, careers, and daily stress.

Believe it or not, dogs too become anxious. Even though they do not have to worry about paying bills or achieving specific goals in life, they can also experience some nervousness that greatly affects their behavior.

It is, therefore, important for dog owners to understand how anxiety affects their dogs because it can cause several problems for them and their dogs. A dog that is suffering from anxiety may have feeding problems, damaging the house when left home alone or even pick a fight with other dogs.

I am so certain no dog owner would want to deal with such behavioral issues. Therefore, it is essential to know the cause and how to prevent it exactly.

What causes dog anxiety?

Any behavioral change in your pet may be due to anxiety. Fear or old age-related conditions may cause it. For example, a dog can be anxious due to fear of unpleasant and unfamiliar location like a new home.

Separation anxiety is another major trigger of anxiety in dogs. Most dogs do not know how to cope with being left alone for an extended time.

Anxiety also occurs to older dogs that have congestive disorders leaving them confused and forgetful.

How do you know if your dog has anxiety?

Any sudden change in your dog’s behavior may be a result of anxiety. However, some signs will clearly show you that your dog needs some help.

Some signs may be obvious will others might not be noticeable right away. Below are some behavioral changes that show if your dog is suffering from anxiety.

  1. Destruction Behavior

An anxious dog may feel uncomfortable, especially if left alone at home. In the process, it may chew through a door trying to escape or even destroy the furniture.

  1. House Breaking issues

Housebreaking issues are commonly brought by separation anxiety. Your dog may urinate almost in every corner of the house or defecate inside the house when anxious.

  1. Repetitive Behavior

When you notice your dog pacing around the house or doing any repetitive behavior is a sign of dog anxiety. Your dog may also over groom the same body part as a result of anxiety.

  1. Aggression

You may find your dog snarling or snapping on other dogs or people when anxious. Growling and barking, with no apparent reason, is a sign of aggressive behavior.

What Natural Remedy can I Give my dog for anxiety?

When you have an anxious dog, it is possible to calm them down naturally without the use of medication or any other artificial ways. Naturally, dogs are happy when they are treated well, fed frequently, kept in a stress-free environment, and taken for walks regularly. Here are some natural remedies you could use to calm your dog.

  1. Create a safe environment for your dog

Always make sure your dog has a safe and quiet environment to retreat to. This could be a covered kennel, a closet, or a quiet bedroom. Place soft blankets or toys for them to chew to calm themselves down.

Make sure to check on your dog periodically to get to know how they are doing. The safe space will let your dog retreat and calm down whenever they are stressed.

  1. Take your dog for walks

When your dog will not settle down, and they are too anxious without a good reason, it could be a sign that your dog isn’t taken outside frequently or they are not receiving enough exercise. Puppies should at least be allowed to run about 3-4 times a day.

When you notice your dog is panting loudly or will not stop bothering you, they might be sick or need to go out. Until you get to know your dog’s behavior, any excitement behavior may indicate that your dog needs to go out or want to go to the bathroom. Unless you do not mind the messy floor, take your dog outside promptly.

  1. Socialize your dog regularly

It is normal for a dog to get excited when they meet new friends or new dogs. But, if your dog does not calm down around new faces, it means you need to increase your dog’s socialization.  Let your dog meet new people and dogs most frequently.

To successfully do this, take your dog for walks, ask permission for your dog to great other dogs they meet. When your dog behaves well, make sure to reward them with treats. Always use a clear verbal command to keep them in control.

  1. Pet and Message your dog

Petting and messaging your dog helps reduce stress and anxiety. This is a simple way of being affectionate to your dog. Message your dog gently and concentrate on pressure points like the feet, ears, and the top of the head. The messages will help soothe and calm your dog just as people do when messaged.

You need to know that dogs are social and always want contact and affection. Spend at least 30 minutes daily while petting or messaging them.

Another way you can help your dog reduce anxiety is to be calm when you around them. Make sure to speak in a soft, smooth, and calming voice as you pet them calmly and smoothly.

  1. Change your Dog’s Diet

Just like humans, dogs too need a balanced diet, and their moods can be affected by poor nutrition. Commercial dog treats have addictive ingredients, and most of the time overstimulates the dog’s system. You can choose to buy natural treats or make your own.

How do you calm a stressed dog?

 

Just like human beings, dogs too react to stress. Being clingy, acting up, or withdrawing are some of dog anxiety signs. Unlike us, dogs cannot express their anxiety verbally. Therefore, it is the responsibility of any pet owners to pay attention to their pet’s behavior and respond accordingly when they see any difference. Here are ways you can use to calm your anxious dog.

  1. Cuddling

Just like humans, pets too respond positively to touch. Cuddling is one way you can use to relieve stress, anxiety, and fear from your dog. When a dog feels like they are cut off from their human, their anxious level tends to increase. Petting and cuddling your dog may help take away some of the anxiety.

  1. Exercise

When a dog is anxious, it usually has a lot of energy that cannot be controlled. Humans are also advised to do exercises to help relieve stress. This also applies to dogs. When dogs take walks, run, or play in the park, they burn off some tension. Exercise makes the dog tired, and by the time they return home, they are calm.

Unless advised otherwise by a vet, exercise is good for you and your pet. Your dog will enjoy and appreciate the time you spend together.

  1. Calm Demeanor

Dogs always sense your emotions and feelings. If you are reacting towards their anxiety and bad behavior they show when stressed, they are going to absorb your behavior and make the situation even worse.

Take some few breaths before handling the acting out of your dog in a calm demeanor to help break the anxiety cycle between you and your dog. Just like a baby, your dog will act to the way you are behaving. Always take the lead and help them calm down slowly and patiently.

  1. Check with your Vet

When the dog’s anxiety level seems abnormal, it is essential to consult your vet. By ‘abnormal’ we mean if your dog cannot relax or calm down. Explain to the vet all the activities that showed that your dog was anxious. It does not matter if your dog does not have physical injury or illness; your vet might something that you cannot.

  1. Toys

Anxious dog training is easy, especially when you show them where to direct their negative energy. Toys are the best items to channel energy.  A good chew toy can keep your dog busy other than destroying your household and belongings.

We all know that anxiety alters the behavior of your dog. You are the best person to help your anxious dog to cope with something that is out of the norm. Your dog loves and trusts you, therefore, will want you to take the lead.

 

Multiple Ways Your Dog Tells You It Loves You Each And Every Day

We all know that communication between one species and another is minimal at best.  And, as dog owners, we understand that more than most.  We all wish we could understand what our companion is saying, and what they are thinking.

However, it seems that ours pets may be communicating with us, in their own special manner, and we are just not tuned into to it.  Let’s take a look at the multiple ways our dogs tell us they love us each and every day.

What Those “Puppy Eyes” Really Mean

Many people tend to assume that when a dog gives us “puppy eyes” they have an ulterior motive.  Maybe they are wanting treat, or maybe they are just bored and want attention.  In actuality, “puppy eyes” are a dogs way of expressing their love for us.  They will look upon us with sheer love which is expressed through their eyes.  The look of innocence that we see with “puppy eyes” is their way of giving us a hug or bestowing us a kiss—their means of showing us affection.

Why They Want To Sleep In Our Beds

It is a nightly fight—trying to keep our companions off the bed.  But, why are they so adamant about sleeping with us?  Why would they prefer to sleep in our beds, rather than on the floor or in their own beds?  Simple—we are the number one person in their lives.  And, as such, they want to take advantage of any time they may be able to spend with us, even if that means we are sleeping.

Jumping On and Almost Tackling Us

Many of us tend to get upset when our companion jumps on or tackles us when we walk through the door after a long day at work.  As it turns out, they are not trying to annoy us, get our attention, or be pests.  Our companions are so overjoyed to see us, that this is the only manner in which they can express that joy.  A pet jumping on us is a simple equivilant of if we ourselves jumped for joy.  Our pets are so happy to see us, they can not contain themselves, and all that joy spills over into jumping.

Not Wanting To Necessarily Play Fetch

Pet owners, such as ourselves, tend to spoil our companions.  Although that is done in multiple ways, the most obvious is when we buy them toys.  However, did you know that when your pet carries around a toy, or a ball, it is not necessarily because they are looking for a game of fetch.  To the contrary, it is more likely that they love that particular toy the most, and since we are their favorite humans, they want to share the toy with us so that we may play with it too.

When Our Pets Stare At Us As We Leave

We have all experienced the sadness and guilt of leaving our companion to go to work or to run errands.  When we do leave, most of will just lay down and stare at us.  This is not out of sadness or even to make us feel guilty—we put that guilt on ourselves.  If your companion is calm, and even lies down when you begin to leave, it is to let you know that they trust that you will be returning, and they are okay with that.

As you can see, our pets do communicate with us, in their own ways, we just have to be more receptive and observant of the signs.  Although most of the methods of communication listed above are pretty important, the most important is the communication of love between you both.

How To Handle Pet Stress During The Holidays

The holidays are here and in full swing, which means that even more stress has set in for us pet owners.  But, what most owners do not realize is that their pets feel and experience the stress of the holidays as well.

Add in the fact that you are gone more often, for holiday parties and visiting family, and you can easily see that the holidays are just as rough on our furry friends than on us, if not even more so.

However, there are a few simple signs that you can look out for that will clue you into the possibility that your pet is indeed suffering from holiday-induced stress.  We will take a look at a few of them below.

One sure fire indicator that your pet is not feeling themselves is that of a reduction or loss of appetite.  Most breeds are very tuned into their owners.  And as such, when the owner is stressed the pet picks up on this and in turn becomes stressed themselves.  Whether the stress causes an uneasy or upset stomach or just an overall uneasiness, reduction or loss of appetite completely can result.

Another sign of your pet being stressed may present in the form of lip licking and yawning  When dogs become anxious they will exhibit this feeling outwardly in the form of lip licking.  It is their version of a nervous tick so to say.  They need a means to outwardly express their inward stress, and lip licking is the most common method.  Yawning is another possible outward expression they may use as well.

The next sign that your pet may be having holiday stress is that of them sticking to you like Velcro.  When your pet is shadowing your every move, and staying as close to you as possible at all times, this is them telling you they are stressed and anxious about something.  Many pet owners agree that this type of behavior is seen more during the holidays than most any other time of the year.  Your pet is wanting to keep close because although they are stressed, they feel that being close to you that everything will be alright.  That you will keep them safe and make sure that nothing will hurt or harm them.

Finally, one of the most widely observed signs of stress in pets is exhibited with shaking and shivering.  You may think it is because your pet is cold, but in actuality, that is most probably not the case.  When a pet becomes anxious, nervous, or stressed, much like people do they have a cross between a panic attack and an anxiety attack.  And again, like us humans that can manifest as physical shivering or shaking.

As with any change in your pets attitude or demeanor, it is best to check with a vet to make sure there are no underlying medical problems present.  If none are found, then the most probable cause for the change in behavior is stress.  Keep in mind that just because our companions have fur, feathers, or scales doesn’t mean that they won’t be affected to some point with holiday stress.